The development and feasibility of a pharmacy-delivered opioid intervention in the emergency department

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Objectives—To develop a brief intervention and to assess the feasibility of pharmacy-delivered education on opioid safety and overdose prevention in the emergency department. Methods—A convenience sample of patients (n = 102) approached between May and June 2016 at a single community-based suburban emergency department located in the Midwest. Results—The intervention included scripted counseling to be delivered in person and 2 educational brochures. The counseling took approximately 5 minutes, and only 2 patients refused the counseling. All the patients were satisfied with the intervention, and 97.4% of them reported that the counseling improved their knowledge of opioid side effects. The majority of patients thought that their own risk of addiction was significantly less than the general public’s risk of addiction when taking opioids. Conclusion—This study provides preliminary evidence that student pharmacists or pharmacists are able to deliver opioid safety and overdose education in the emergency department.