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School of Medicine




Study Objective—To assess the effects of the Seventeen Days interactive video on young women’s perceived self-efficacy for using condoms 6 months after being offered the intervention, relative to a control. Design—Multisite randomized controlled trial. Setting—Twenty participating health clinics and county health departments in Ohio, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia. Participants—Sexually active female adolescents ages 14 to 19 years. Interventions—Seventeen Days (treatment intervention; sex education) vs Driving Skills for Life (control intervention; driving education). Main Outcome Measures—Perceived self-efficacy for condom use. Results—Participants in the Seventeen Days group reported higher perceived condom acquisition self-efficacy after 6 months than those in the driving group. This finding held after controlling for baseline self-efficacy scores and other covariates. Conclusion—The Seventeen Days program shows promise to improve perceived self-efficacy to acquire condoms among sexually active female adolescents—an important precursor to behavior change.

Source Citation

Downs JS, Ashcraft AM, Murray PJ, et al. Video Intervention to Increase Perceived Self-Efficacy for Condom Use in a Randomized Controlled Trial of Female Adolescents. Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology. 2018;31(3):291-298.e2. doi:10.1016/j.jpag.2017.10.008