Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Publication Date



In a series of books and articles, Robert Putnam outlined his famous "bowling alone" theses of declining civic participation, which he attributed in considerable part to television and other alternative leisure time pursuits. Putnam also acknowledged the possibility of other possible factors. This presentation identifies two such possibilities that coincide with the decline Putnam noted, - national security and suburbanization - as well as more recent and more ambiguous, technology-related factors contributing to declines in civic participation.

Source Citation

Presented at the Mandel Center for Nonprofit Organizations, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH. October 21, 2004.


At the time, I was an adjunct professor at the Mandel Center for Nonprofit Organizations and Editor of Nonprofit Management and Leadership.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.