Statler College of Engineering and Mining Resources
Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
Sulfur is considered to be one of the most promising cathode materials due to its high theoretical specific capacity and low cost. However, the insulating nature of sulfur and notorious “shuttle effect” of lithium polysulfides (LiPSs) lead to severe loss of active sulfur, poor redox kinetics, and rapid capacity fade. Herein, a hierarchical electrode design is proposed to address these issues synchronously, which integrates multiple building blocks with specialized functions into an ensemble to construct a self‐supported versatile cathode for lithium–sulfur batteries. Nickel foam acts as a robust conductive scaffold. The heteroatom‐doped host carbon with desired lithiophilicity and electronic conductivity serving as a reservoir for loading sulfur can trap LiPSs and promote electron transfer to interfacial adsorbed LiPSs and Ni3S2 sites. The sulfurized carbon nanofiber forest can facilitate the Li‐ion and electron transport and retard the LiPSs diffusion as a barrier layer. Sulfiphilic Ni3S2 acts as both a chemical anchor with strong adsorption affinity to LiPSs and an efficient electrocatalyst for accelerating kinetics for redox conversion reactions. Synergistically, all functional units promote the lithium ion coupled electron transfer for binding and redox conversion of LiPSs, resulting in high reversible capacities, remarkable cycle stability, and excellent rate capability.
Digital Commons Citation
Zeng, Zhipeng; Li, Wei; Wang, Qiang; and Liu, Xingbo, "Programmed Design of a Lithium–Sulfur Battery Cathode by Integrating Functional Units" (2019). Faculty & Staff Scholarship. 1917.
Zeng, Z., Li, W., Wang, Q., & Liu, X. (2019). Programmed Design of a Lithium–Sulfur Battery Cathode by Integrating Functional Units. Advanced Science, 6(17), 1900711. https://doi.org/10.1002/advs.201900711