Eberly College of Arts and Sciences
Background. Oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) is impacted by periodontal disease and orofacial pain. There is a limited research examining the impact of avoidance of care or physiological arousal related to the fear of pain response on periodontal-related OHRQoL. Methods. Data are from the Center for Oral Health Research in Appalachia family-based study focusing on 1,339 adults. Measures included a modified Periodontal Screening and Recording Index across sextants of dentition, dental fear survey, Fear of Pain Questionnaire-9, and Oral Health Impact Profile-14. Structural equation modeling was used to estimate the effects of periodontal disease screening indicators on OHRQoL including the mediating role of dental fear while accounting for fear of pain. Results. A significant total effect was found for the mandibular anterior sextant, components of dental anxiety/fear, and indicators of OHRQoL (pain and discomfort, , ; psychosocial impact, , ). The maxillary anterior region was significantly associated with pain discomfort (, ) and functionality (, ). Conclusions. Findings provide a granular perspective of periodontal disease indicators and OHRQoL. Dental avoidance/anticipatory fear and physiological arousal mediate OHRQoL in individuals who have indicators of periodontal disease in sextants that may be visible and susceptible to higher pain and psychosocial impact.
Digital Commons Citation
Wright, Casey D.; McNeil, Daniel W.; Edwards, Cierra B.; Crout, RIchard J.; Neiswanger, Katherine; Shaffer, John R.; and Marzita, Mary L., "Periodontal Status and Quality of Life: Impact of Fear of Pain and Dental Fear" (2017). Faculty & Staff Scholarship. 2077.
Wright, C. D., McNeil, D. W., Edwards, C. B., Crout, R. J., Neiswanger, K., Shaffer, J. R., & Marazita, M. L. (2017). Periodontal Status and Quality of Life: Impact of Fear of Pain and Dental Fear. Pain Research and Management, 2017, 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/5491923