Document Type


Publication Date



School of Public Health


Occupational & Environmental Health Sciences


Background: Older yet still abundant munitions such as tetryl present easily forgotten health hazards and associated needs for worker protection.

Case presentation: Symptoms and findings from 22 workers who were exposed to tetryl are summarized.

Conclusions: This study highlights the health hazards from exposure to tetryl. Occupational health professionals need to maintain vigilance to protect workers from the risks of handling older munitions.

Source Citation

Alfaraj, W. A., McMillan, B., Ducatman, A. M., & Werntz, C. L. (2016). Tetryl exposure: forgotten hazards of antique munitions. Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 28(1).


© 2016 Alfaraj et al. Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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