Document Type


Publication Date



School of Medicine


Physiology, Pharmacology & Neuroscience


Consideration of newer more quantitative morphologic approaches to the study of aquatic pollutants can provide opportunity for collaborative/integrated studies with other subdisciplines in toxicology. Current commonly employed morphologic approaches result largely in subjective findings difficult to analyze statistically and often are directed at levels of structural organization inconsistent with biochemical and physiological approaches. We review some of the methods and approaches available for correlated structure/function studies and present examples from normal and altered skin, gill, and liver of teleosts.

Source Citation

Hinton, D. E., Lantz, R. C., Hampton, J. A., McCuskey, P. R., & McCuskey, R. S. (1987). Normal versus abnormal structure: considerations in morphologic responses of teleosts to pollutants. Environmental Health Perspectives, 71, 139–146.



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