Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2012

Abstract

We explore the enigmatic population of long-period, apparently non-recycled pulsars in globular clusters, building on recent work by Boyles et al. This population is difficult to explain if it formed through typical core-collapse supernovae, leading many authors to invoke electron capture supernovae. While Boyles et al. dealt only with non-recycled pulsars in clusters, we focus on the pulsars that originated in clusters but then escaped into the field of the Galaxy due to the kicks they receive at birth. The magnitude of the kick induced by electron capture supernovae is not well known, so we explore various models for the kick velocity distribution and size of the population. The most realistic models are those where the kick velocity is 10 km s–1 and where the number of pulsars scales with the luminosity of the cluster (as a proxy for cluster mass). This is in good agreement with other estimates of the electron capture supernovae kick velocity. We simulate a number of large-area pulsar surveys to determine if a population of pulsars originating in clusters could be identified as being separate from normal disk pulsars. We find that the spatial and kinematical properties of the population could be used, but only if large numbers of pulsars are detected. In fact, even the most optimistic surveys carried out with the future Square Kilometer Array are likely to detect <10% of the total population, so the prospects for identifying these as a separate group of pulsars are presently poor.

Source Citation

Lynch, Ryan S., Lorimer, Duncan R., Ransom, Scott M., & Boyles, Jason. (2012). A Population Of Non-Recycled Pulsars Originating In Globular Clusters. The Astrophysical Journal, 756(1), 78. http://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/756/1/78

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