Document Type


Publication Date



Eberly College of Arts and Sciences


Social Work


As the name suggests, Voluntary Action (VA) was one of the constituent interests in the formation of ARNOVA. The popularity of nonprofit organizations (NO) among researchers, scholars and students threatens to overwhelm the scholarly interest in voluntary action. Yet, this latter topic is both more interesting theoretically and more important to larger questions of democracy and local and national community and therefore needs to be preserved and protected.


At the time this paper was written and presented I was editing Nonprofit Management and Leadership. It is one of many that I never got around to revising for publication. Portions of the argument are included in several later publications.



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