Document Type


Publication Date



Eberly College of Arts and Sciences


Physics and Astronomy


Optical injection and detection of charge currents is an alternative to conventional transport and photoemission measurements, avoiding the necessity of invasive contact that may disturb the system being examined. This is a particular concern for analyzing the surface states of topological insulators. In this work one- and two-color sources of photocurrents are isolated and examined in epitaxial thin films of Bi2Se3. We demonstrate that optical excitation and terahertz detection simultaneously captures one- and two-color photocurrent contributions, which has not been required for other material systems. A method is devised to extract the two components, and in doing so each can be related to surface or bulk excitations through symmetry. The separation of such photocurrents in topological insulators opens a new avenue for studying these materials by all-optical methods.

Source Citation

Bas, D. A., Muniz, R. A., Babakiray, S., Lederman, D., Sipe, J. E., & Bristow, A. D. (2016). Identification of photocurrents in topological insulators. Optics Express, 24(20).


The article is supported by the WVU Libraries' Open Access Author Fund.

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Optics Commons



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