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Industry clusters refer to the tight connections that bind certain firms and industries together in various aspects of common behavior, e.g., geographic location, sources of innovation, shared suppliers and factors of production, and so forth. Industry cluster concepts date from the last century, but they have captured the imagination of active policymakers and the serious attention of scholars only in the last decade of this century. Because clustering behavior is such a pervasive aspect of modern economies and global trade, it draws the attention of many different disciplines and benefits from their scholarship. Although a consideration of research on this topic might alone justify book-length treatment, industry cluster concepts are also powerful metaphors that are used routinely to guide industrial and regional development planning throughout the world.
Regional Research Institute, West Virginia University
Industry Clusters, Competitive Advantage, Meso Industry Cluster Analysis
Bergman, Edward M. and Feser, Edward J., "Industrial and Regional Clusters: Concepts and Comparative Applications, 2nd ed." (2020). Web Book of Regional Science. 5.