Date of Graduation
Statler College of Engineering and Mineral Resources
Chemical and Biomedical Engineering
Aubrey L. Miller.
Section I. This work was carried out to understand the behavior of the solid and gas phases in a CFB riser. Only the riser is modeled as a straight pipe. A model with linear algebraic approximation to solids viscosity of the form, mus = 5.34epsilons, (epsilon s is the solids volume fraction) with an appropriate boundary condition at the wall obtained by approximate momentum balance solution at the wall to account for the solids recirculation is tested against experimental results. The work done was to predict the flow patterns in the CFB risers from available experimental data, including data from a 7.5-cm-ID CFB riser at the Illinois Institute of Technology and data from a 20.0-cm-ID CFB riser at the Particulate Solid Research, Inc., facility.;Section II. This research aims at modeling the removal of hydrogen sulfide from hot coal gas using zinc oxide as the sorbent in a circulating fluidized bed and in the process identifying the parameters that affect the performance of the sulfidation reactor. Two different gas-solid reaction models, the unreacted shrinking core (USC) and the grain model were applied to take into account chemical reaction resistances. Also two different approaches were used to affect the hydrodynamics of the process streams. The first model takes into account the effect of micro-scale particle clustering by adjusting the gas-particle drag law and the second one assumes a turbulent core with pseudo-steady state boundary condition at the wall. A comparison is made with experimental results.
Pugalia, Neeraj N., "Numerical modeling of cold flow and hot gas desulfurization in a circulating fluidized bed" (2001). Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports. 1163.