Date of Graduation
Statler College of Engineering and Mineral Resources
Lane Department of Computer Science and Electrical Engineering
Muhammad A. Choudhry
The objective of this dissertation is to design decentralized controllers to enhance the transient stability of power systems. Due to the nonlinearities and complexities of the system, nonlinear control design techniques are required to improve its dynamic performance. In this dissertation a synergetic control technique is being proposed to design supplementary controller that is added to the exciter of the generation unit of the system. Although this method has been previously applied to a Single Infinite Machine Bus (SMIB) system with high degree of success, it has not been employed to systems with multi machine. Also, the method has good robust characteristic like that of the popular Sliding Mode Control (SMC) technique. But the latter technique introduces steady state chattering effect which can cause wear and tear in actuating system. This gives the proposed technique a major advantage over the SMC. In this work, the method is employed for systems with multi machine. Each of the machines is considered to be a subsystem and decentralized controller is designed for each subsystem. The interconnection term of each subsystem with the rest of the system is estimated by a polynomial function of the active power generated by the subsystem. Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) technique is employed for optimum tuning of the controller's parameters. To further enhance the performance of the system by widening its range of operation, Reinforcement Learning (RL) technique is used to vary the gains of the decentralized synergetic supplementary controller in real time. The approach is illustrated with several case studies including a SMIB system with or without a Static Var Compensator (SVC), a Two Area System (TAS) with or without an SVC, a three --machines-nine-bus system and a fifty machine system. Results show that the proposed control technique provides better damping than the conventional power system stabilizers and synergetic controllers with fixed gains.
Ademoye, Taoridi, "Decentralized Synergetic Control of Power Systems" (2012). Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports. 155.