Date of Graduation
Statler College of Engineering and Mineral Resources
Keith A. Heasley
The stability of the underground mine openings largely depends on the surrounding ground conditions, such as stress concentrations, geological conditions and support intensities etc. In particular, the ground control stability associated with large movements and deformations of the strata is much more complicated and could induce much more severe safety problems. A ground control failure could endanger the coal miner's safety not only directly by roof, pillar, floor and/or rib failure, but also by ground cracks induced methane and water inundations indirectly. This study is aimed to develop comprehensive models to simulate the ground response to mining and solve the ground control problems associated with it.;During the last four decades, many research works have been conducted on the ground control study, and numerous models, including analytical, empirical, numerical and hybrid models, were developed to facilitate ground control and support design. If a model is to be used as a common mine design tool, the simplicity of the model itself and the consistency between actual in-mine and modeled ground response to mining are essential. For the study of the ground control stability associated with large movements and deformations, the key is to know the movements and deformations of the subsurface strata. The subsidence prediction models can determine the movements and deformations very accurately as proven by plenty of surface subsidence survey data. In this study, the subsidence prediction models are employed to analyze the stability of some subsidence related ground control problems based on the subsurface strata movements and deformations.;In this dissertation, an innovative approach, employing the influence function method while considering the hard rock layers, is applied in the development of an enhanced subsurface subsidence prediction model. This improved model is then applied in analyzing three specific subsidence related ground control problems. An analytical model, employing dynamic subsurface subsidence theory and considering the roof support interaction, is developed to analyze the stability of pre-driven longwall recovery room. The mechanism of the ground control stability problems as well as the potential safety problems associated with multi-seam mining interactions is discussed. Multi-seam mining subsidence prediction methods are re-examined based on the multi-seam mining interaction analysis. The redistribution of the stresses and strains in overburden is also able to affect the surface and subsurface water bodies in various degrees. Mathematical models are developed to link longwall induced overburden strata permeability change and subsurface deformations. A ground water flow model is used to assess the longwall mining impacts on surface and subsurface hydrological systems.;This study provides a greater understanding of the mechanism of the subsidence-related ground control problems. Innovative methods are developed to derive stress, strain and permeability change, and quantify the subsidence effects on mine structure stability and the hydrological system sustainability. The developed models are coded and incorporated into a software suite to provide an easy-to-use tool for the mine planning and designing of all subsidence related issues.
Qiu, Biao, "Applications of Surface and Subsurface Subsidence Theories to Solve Ground Control Problems" (2013). Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports. 178.