Date of Graduation
Statler College of Engineering and Mineral Resources
Lane Department of Computer Science and Electrical Engineering
In fading wireless channels, relays are used with the aim of achieving diversity and thus overall performance gain. In cooperative relay networks, various forwarding techniques like amplify and forward (AF) and decode and forward (DF) are used at the relay for better throughput and improved BER performance than traditional multihop systems. In a power constrained environment, the performance can be further improved by using an optimal power allocation strategy. The relative position of the relay with respect to the source and destination also has an immense effect on the efficacy of the relay.;We position the relay at various positions in a planar grid, with the position of source and destination being fixed, and we investigate the effect that the positioning of the relay has on a relaying system. We use our three terminal model to optimize the power allocation under total transmit power constraint, to maximize the instantaneous signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) at destination, and thus achieve improved throughput and BER performance, while using AF and DF protocols. We evaluate the performance of our system for both coherent and noncoherent modulation in a Rayleigh block fading channel. Quadrature phase shift keying (QPSK) is used in the coherent case and 4-Frequency shift keying (4-FSK) is used in the noncoherent case.;Previous works involving power allocation schemes have mainly concentrated on optimizing information theoretic quantities like capacity and outage probability. We derive expressions for instantaneous SNR using our model and optimize the power allocation based on that, with the final aim of achieving improved uncoded BER. Analytical expressions of the instantaneous SNR at the destination are derived for both AF and DF. These expressions are numerically optimized to obtain an optimum power allocation strategy for each position of the relay in both the AF and DF schemes using coherent or noncoherent detection.;We compare the performance of the AF and DF protocols based on their positional BER and throughput at different received SNR and notice that our power optimized schemes outperform existing power control schemes at certain areas. Finally we also identify the shape and area of the regions where relaying would provide performance gains for both the protocols at different received SNRs.
Datta Gupta, Somak, "Forwarding strategies and optimal power allocation for coherent and noncoherent relay networks" (2006). Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports. 1849.