Agent based modeling of power distribution systems

Sridhar Chouhan, West Virginia University


The electric power system is a very vast network and becoming more complex each day. The traditional vertically monopolistic structure has been deregulated and replaced by gencos, transcos and, discos; increasing the power system intricacy. During the past few decades there has been remarkable development in software and hardware technologies for the analysis and design activities in power system planning, operation, and control. However, much still depends on the judgment of human experts. A single fault in power system can lead to multiple faults and can collapse the whole system. Power System needs a more decentralized control mechanism for solving these problems. One novel solution would be Multi-agent Systems. A Multi-agent system is a collection of agents, which perceives the system changes and acts on the system in order to achieve its goals. Recent technology developments in the area of Multi-agent systems making it a viable solution for today's complicated power network.;A Multi-agent system model is developed for fault detection and reconfiguration in this thesis work. These models are developed based on graph theory tree models and mathematical models. A set of objective functions are specified in the mathematical model for the restoration of the network.;The agent platform for the fault detection is developed by Java Agent Development Framework. The restoration algorithm is programmed in MATLAB and applied to the distribution system modeled in the commercial software, Distributed Engineering Workstation and Power World Simulator. The test system in this thesis is, a distribution system developed by Southern California Edison called Circuit of the Future.;The Multi-agent system can detect the fault precisely and reconfigures the circuit using the reconfiguration algorithm. The reconfiguration will happen in a way that it always try to supply all the critical loads in the network. When there are multiple solutions available for reconfiguration, the one with good voltage profile and less power loss is selected as the solution. The algorithm makes use of shunt compensation and priority based load shedding in order to control the voltage across the network. Agents make use of learning to speed up the reconfiguration process.