Date of Graduation


Document Type


Degree Type



Statler College of Engineering and Mineral Resources


Lane Department of Computer Science and Electrical Engineering

Committee Chair

Matthew Valenti

Committee Co-Chair

John Goldwasser

Committee Member

Daryl Reynolds

Committee Member

Natalia Schmid

Committee Member

Brian Woerner


Conventional communication systems transmit signals that are selected from a signal constellation with uniform probability. However, information-theoretic results suggest that performance may be improved by shaping the constellation such that lower-energy signals are selected more frequently than higher-energy signals. This dissertation presents an energy efficient approach for shaping the constellations used by coded-modulation systems. The focus is on designing shaping techniques for systems that use a combination of amplitude phase shift keying (APSK) and low-density parity check (LDPC) coding. Such a combination is typical of modern satellite communications, such as the system used by the DVB-S2 standard.;The system implementation requires that a subset of the bits at the output of the LDPC encoder are passed through a nonlinear shaping encoder whose output bits are more likely to be a zero than a one. The constellation is partitioned into a plurality of sub-constellations, each with a different average signal energy, and the shaping bits are used to select the sub-constellation. An iterative receiver exchanges soft information among the demodulator, LDPC decoder, and shaping decoder. Parameters associated with the modulation and shaping code are optimized with respect to information rate, while the design of the LDPC code is optimized for the shaped modulation with the assistance of extrinsic-information transfer (EXIT) charts. The rule for labeling the constellation with bits is optimized using a novel hybrid cost function and a binary switching algorithm.;Simulation results show that the combination of constellation shaping, LDPC code optimization, and optimized bit labeling can achieve a gain in excess of 1 dB in an additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) channel at a rate of 3 bits/symbol compared with a system that adheres directly to the DVB-S2 standard.