## Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

Spring

2013

Dissertation

PhD

#### College

Statler College of Engineering and Mineral Resources

#### Department

Lane Department of Computer Science and Electrical Engineering

K. Subramani

Elaine Eschen

Hong-Jian Lai

James Mooney

Arun Ross

#### Abstract

This thesis studies three problems in network optimization, viz., the minimum spanning tree verification (MSTV) problem, the undirected negative cost cycle detection (UNCCD) problem, and the negative cost girth (NCG) problem. These problems find applications in several domains including program verification, proof theory, real-time scheduling, social networking, and operations research.;The MSTV problem is defined as follows: Given an undirected graph G = (V,E) and a spanning tree T, is T a minimum spanning tree of G? We focus on the case where the number of distinct edge weights is bounded. Using a bucketed data structure to organize the edge weights, we present an efficient algorithm for the MSTV problem, which runs in O (| E| + |V| · K) time, where K is the number of distinct edge weights. When K is a fixed constant, this algorithm runs in linear time. We also profile our MSTV algorithm with the current fastest known MSTV implementation. Our results demonstrate the superiority of our algorithm when K ≤ 24.;The UNCCD problem is defined as follows: Given an undirected graph G = (V,E) with arbitrarily weighted edges, does G contain a negative cost cycle? We discuss two polynomial time algorithms for solving the UNCCD problem: the b-matching approach and the T-join approach. We obtain new results for the case where the edge costs are integers in the range {lcub}--K ·· K{rcub}, where K is a positive constant. We also provide the first extensive empirical study that profiles the discussed UNCCD algorithms for various graph types, sizes, and experiments.;The NCG problem is defined as follows: Given a directed graph G = (V,E) with arbitrarily weighted edges, find the length, or number of edges, of the negative cost cycle having the least number of edges. We discuss three strongly polynomial NCG algorithms. The first NCG algorithm is known as the matrix multiplication approach in the literature. We present two new NCG algorithms that are asymptotically and empirically superior to the matrix multiplication approach for sparse graphs. We also provide a parallel implementation of the matrix multiplication approach that runs in polylogarithmic parallel time using a polynomial number of processors. We include an implementation profile to demonstrate the efficiency of the parallel implementation as we increase the graph size and number of processors. We also present an NCG algorithm for planar graphs that is asymptotically faster than the fastest topology-oblivious algorithm when restricted to planar graphs.

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