Date of Graduation
Statler College of Engineering and Mineral Resources
Lane Department of Computer Science and Electrical Engineering
Sarika Khushalani Solanki
Muhammed A. Choudhry
Jignesh M. Solanki
The government policies and cost benefits led to the surge in penetration of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) and Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs) into both public and private sectors, challenging the electric grid's potential to maintain its stability and efficiently serve the purpose. The penetration of PHEVs brings technological advancements and environmental benefits to the traditional transportation and electrical power systems. Designing of appropriate charging methods to satisfy PHEV owners helps to improve system performance and avoid transmission and distribution system expansion.;The primary objective of this thesis is to model a coordinated charging algorithm to charge maximum number of PHEVs with the existing infrastructure at a Charging Station (CS) located in residential locality. The stochastic driving patterns of PHEVs are studied and different charging strategies are developed. The Optimized charging scheme is obtained for American Electric Power utility distribution feeder modeled in OpenDSS. Further, PHEV customers are modeled into price responsive consumers capable of participating in Demand Response programs to economically charge their vehicles and render support to the stabilization of power system. Consumer behavior modeling has been done by developing extensive demand-price elasticity matrices (PEMs) which are utilized to calculate the level of demand response.;This thesis also proposes a concept of converting the existing Personal Rapid Transit (PRT) system from guideway power rail propelling vehicles to Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs) by developing a novel routing algorithm based on the data provided by West Virginia University's Department of Transportation and Parking. This turns into a feasibility analysis of implementing new EV technologies in electrification of public transportation. The routing algorithm involves Mixed Integer Linear Programming (MILP) Optimization resulting in hourly schedule of all the vehicles satisfying the passenger demand. The effect of charging load of BEVs on the electrical distribution system is analyzed by performing a time series simulation on AEP distribution feeder.;Additionally, the impact of PHEV charging on power market prices i.e. Locational Marginal Prices (LMP) in a distribution microgid scenario is presented. Locational marginal pricing is a market based wholesale pricing approach adopted by six out of ten national electricity markets. The uncoordinated charging of EVs results in unplanned peak demand causing system changes and fluctuation of LMP. The stabilizing effect of coordinated charging scheme is demonstrated on IEEE 13 Node test system.
Kasani, Venkata Satish, "Modeling and Analysis of Distribution System with Demand Response and Electric Vehicles in Personal and Public Transportation" (2014). Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports. 370.