Date of Graduation
Eberly College of Arts and Sciences
Substance abuse and criminal behavior are two commonly associated social concerns. It is not surprising that substance abuse treatment also has demonstrated a reduction not only substance abuse, as well as criminal behavior. The Federal Bureau of Prisons' Residential Drug Abuse Program (RDAP) has demonstrated wide-reaching benefits. Understanding the 33% non-completion rate of RDAP, then, is an important component of the treatment process. This study, therefore, sought to identify factors present prior to RDAP participation that may predict program completion, which may also guide efforts to reduce relapse and recidivism rates. RDAP completers were slightly more likely to have fewer adulthood incarcerations and significantly more likely to have longer duration of cannabis use. Non-completers were significantly more likely to have shorter current sentences and a trend towards having shorter duration of alcohol and amphetamine use. Elevated PAI Drug Problem scale and longer length of current sentence were found to help predict RDAP completion. The Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Styles (PICTS) was not found to predict RDAP completion. Post-hoc analyses of early non-completers versus late non-completers found that early non-completers demonstrated more Cluster B characteristics than late non-completers. Future research should examine the heterogeneity of non-completers.
Yanez, Y. Tami, "Predicting treatment completion: A study of the Federal Bureau of Prisons' Residential Drug Abuse Program" (2005). Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports. 4205.