Cellulose based materials as a template for the synthesis of copper nanoparticles for antimicrobial applications
Date of Graduation
Davis College of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Design
Agricultural and Resource Economics
Gloria S Oporto
Gloria S Oporto
Copper has been used as a broad-spectrum biocide for centuries, showing effective antimicrobial performance against bacteria, fungi and viruses. Among various forms of copper, copper nanoparticles is attracting particular attention because of its high surface area and crystal morphology that will enhance copper antimicrobial properties. However, the high tendency of copper particles to aggregate at a nanoscale remains as a drawback for the development of copper-based nanostructured products. In this research, cellulose-based materials were utilized as a template and stabilizer for copper nanoparticles, and the resulting hybrid material was used as bi-functional material in thermoplastic resins improving the final antimicrobial and mechanical performance of the composites. This research work was divided in the following stages: 1) developing of a simple way to synthesize copper nanoparticles using cellulose raw material as template and stabilizer for copper; 2) evaluating the antimicrobial, thermal, mechanical, and copper release performance of films prepared by adding the hybrid cellulose-copper nanoparticles into a thermoplastic resin using a wet process; 3) investigating and characterizing composite materials after the incorporation of hybrids cellulose-copper nanoparticles on thermoplastic resins using a extrusion/film formation process (dry process); 4) evaluating drying methodologies to dry hybrid cellulose-copper nanoparticles suspensions determining their morphology, particle size, oxidation state of copper and copper crystallite size.
Zhong, Tuhua, "Cellulose based materials as a template for the synthesis of copper nanoparticles for antimicrobial applications" (2015). Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports. 7046.