Semester

Fall

Date of Graduation

2020

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Type

PhD

College

Eberly College of Arts and Sciences

Department

Chemistry

Committee Chair

Jessica Hoover

Committee Member

Brian Popp

Committee Member

Carsten Milsmann

Committee Member

Bjӧrn Sӧderberg

Committee Member

Hanjing Tian

Abstract

Over the past few decades, transition metals have found wide applications in the development of selective oxidative transformations mediated by molecular oxygen. Due to the benign nature of molecular oxygen as an oxidant and an increasing awareness of green chemistry practice, tremendous progress has been made towards the development of Cu-and Pd-catalyzed aerobic oxidation reactions. As a first-row transition metal alternative to copper, cobalt has been employed in aerobic catalytic transformations for its cost-efficiency and earth abundance; however, redox-active mediators such as benzoquinone (BQ), N-hydroxyphthalimide (NHPI) or salen-type ligands are usually required. To date, reactions mediated by Co/O2 catalytic systems in the absence of redox mediators are still limited. In this regard, we developed a highly efficient protocol employing a Co/O2 catalytic system without acquiring external mediators to turn-over the cycle.

This dissertation offers a brief overview of advancements in cobalt-catalyzed aerobic oxidative reactions in chapter 1, where three major classes of oxidation reactions mediated by Co/O2 systems are particularly addressed. Chapterss 2 and 3 describe the development of a series of new cobalt-catalyzed aerobic cyclization reactions of bis-nucleophiles. When isonitriles are employed as coupling partners, a wide variety of functionalized 2-aminobenzoxazoles and 2-aminobenzimidazoles are afforded as pharmaceutically valuable structures. These protocols are additive-free, ligand-free, highly efficient, and require no external redox-active mediators. Mechanistic studies point to the dual function of the bis-nucleophile as both a substrate and a redox-active ligand, and its importance in activating molecular oxygen as the stoichiometric oxidant. Additionally, the bis-nucleophile may act as a hydrogen atom donor capable of participating in hydrogen atom transfer (HAT) reactions. Chapter 4 elucidates the synthesis and characterization of two unprecedented CoII and CoIII complexes consisting of the N-unsubstituted aminophenol ligand. As a continuous effort in deepening mechanistic investigations, these metal complexes are regarded as potential active reaction intermediates and have demonstrated success in enabling O2 activation thus mediating oxidative cyclization transformations afterward.

Embargo Reason

Publication Pending

Comments

Hi! I have attached the embargo form along with the required revision. I realized my Ph.D advisor signed for both of the forms but I am only requesting for the delayed access. In this case, I didn't do anything on the second form related to "permanent embargo". Let me know if there are any problems with that.

Available for download on Tuesday, November 30, 2021

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