Date of Graduation


Document Type

Problem/Project Report

Degree Type



Statler College of Engineering and Mineral Resources


Chemical and Biomedical Engineering

Committee Chair

Jianli Hu

Committee Member

Charter Stinespring

Committee Member

Jeremy Hardinger


As Carbon Dioxide (CO2) levels in the atmosphere continue to rise due to human intervention, there is increased urgency to take actions to mitigate the potential ramifications. Many countries have instituted a CO2 tax and have provided funding to finding potential solutions to our growing CO2 problem. Further investigating CO2 capture, sequestration, and utilization is key to combating rising CO2 levels and methods being investigated have increased substantially in recent years. Converting CO2 into fuels and value-added chemicals provides a unique opportunity to create materials of value from a substance that is being subsidized to use as a feedstock, as well as taking steps towards being a “net-zero carbon emission” culture. Energy efficient conversion of CO2 is crucial to achieve both environmental and economic benefits. Current methods being researched use enzymes to imitate the CO2 metabolic process found in many organisms. This review will elucidate the current methods for using enzymes for capture, sequestration, and utilization of CO2, as well as the expected future capabilities based upon ongoing research.