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Several months after the signing of the armistice ending the First World War, a policy was adopted in Great Britain which aimed at the pacification of Europe. It was not new or altruistic. It was a policy grounded in the legitimate assumption that a peaceful reconciliation of differences among nations would prevent future generations from falling into a holocaust similar to that which had convulsed Europe between 1912* and 1918. It was a noble policy; mention of its name did not provoke illusions of cowardice, treachery, or betrayal. It was called appeasement,