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WVU College of Law


WVU College of Law


Stigma is an established driver of population-level health outcomes. Antidiscrimination laws can generate or alleviate stigma and, thus, are a critical component in the study of improving population health.

Currently, antidiscrimination laws are often underenforced and are sometimes conceptualized by courts and lawmakers in ways that are too narrow to fully reach all forms of stigma and all individuals who are stigmatized.

To remedy these limitations, we propose the creation of a new population-level surveillance system of antidiscrimination law and its enforcement, a central body to enforce antidiscrimination laws, as well as a collaborative research initiative to enhance the study of the linkages between health and antidiscrimination law in the future.

Source Citation

Valarie K. Blake and Mark L. Hatzenbueler, Legal Remedies to Address Stigma-Based Health Inequalities in the United States: Opportunities and Challenges, 97 Milbank Q. 480 (2019).


This is a preprint of an electronic version of an Article published in The Milbank Quarterly.



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