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Tutte observed that every nowhere-zero $k$-flow on a plane graph gives rise to a $k$-vertex-coloring of its dual, and vice versa. Thus nowhere-zero integer flow and graph coloring can be viewed as dual concepts. Jaeger further shows that if a graph $G$ has a face-$k$-colorable 2-cell embedding in some orientable surface, then it has a nowhere-zero $k$-flow. However, if the surface is nonorientable, then a face-$k$-coloring corresponds to a nowhere-zero $k$-flow in a signed graph arising from $G$. Graphs embedded in orientable surfaces are therefore a special case that the corresponding signs are all positive. In this paper, we prove that if an 8-edge-connected signed graph admits a nowhere-zero integer flow, then it has a nowhere-zero 3-flow. Our result extends Thomassen's 3-flow theorem on 8-edge-connected graphs to the family of all 8-edge-connected signed graphs. And it also improves Zhu's 3-flow theorem on 11-edge-connected signed graphs.

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Wu, Yezhou., Ye, Dong., Zang, Wenan., & Zhang, Cun-Quan. (2014). Nowhere-Zero 3-Flows In Signed Graphs. SIAM Journal on Discrete Mathematics, 28(3), 1628-1637.



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