Document Type


Publication Date



Transient four-wave mixing studies of bulk GaAs under conditions of broad bandwidth excitation of primarily interband transitions have enabled four-particle correlations tied to degenerate (exciton-exciton) and nondegenerate (exciton-carrier) interactions to be studied. Real two-dimensional Fourier-transform spectroscopy (2DFTS) spectra reveal a complex response at the heavy-hole exciton emission energy that varies with the absorption energy, ranging from dispersive on the diagonal, through absorptive for low-energy interband transitions to dispersive with the opposite sign for interband transitions high above band gap. Simulations using a multilevel model augmented by many-body effects provide excellent agreement with the 2DFTS experiments and indicate that excitation-induced dephasing (EID) and excitation-induced shift (EIS) affect degenerate and nondegenerate interactions equivalently, with stronger exciton-carrier coupling relative to exciton-exciton coupling by approximately an order of magnitude. These simulations also indicate that EID effects are three times stronger than EIS in contributing to the coherent response of the semiconductor.

Source Citation

Webber, D., Wilmer, B. L., Liu, X., Dobrowolska, M., Furdyna, J. K., Bristow, A. D., & Hall, K. C. (2016). Signatures Of Four-Particle Correlations Associated With Exciton-Carrier Interactions In Coherent Spectroscopy On Bulk Gaas. Physical Review B - Condensed Matter And Materials Physics, 94(15).