Jonathan Page

Date of Graduation


Document Type


Degree Type



College of Education and Human Services


Counseling, Rehabilitation Counseling & Counseling Psychology

Committee Chair

Jeffrey Daniels

Committee Co-Chair

Laura Capage

Committee Member

Edward Jacobs

Committee Member

Christine Schimmel

Committee Member

Jennifer Taylor


The purpose of this study was to explore the differences between completed school shootings and averted school shootings in order to gain a better understanding of ways to prevent school shootings. The following research question guided this study: What are the similarities and differences between schools in which a shooting occurred and schools in which a shooting was averted? To answer this question, this study compared school shootings and averted school shootings in K-12 schools between January 2007 and December 2013, searching for general themes to analyze in order to add to the literature on averted school shootings. This study utilized a qualitative approach of content analysis, and presented the results of the analysis, with specific regard to emerging themes. The discussion and implications chapters compared the results with past research and defined the overall themes in averted shootings and completed shootings.