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This paper contends that the Stoney (Assiniboine) people of southwestern Alberta, Canada, have a legitimate aboriginal claim to areas in the North Saskatchewan River headwaters known as Bighorn and Kootenay Plains, located between the first range of the Rocky Mountains and the Alberta-British Columbia boundary. The Stoneys appear to have followed two routes during their eighteenth-century westward migration from southeastern Manitoba. One group moved southwestwardly to central Montana, turning northward into the Alberta Rockies; while the other seems to have travelled along the prairie-parkland fringe, entering the mountains west of Edmonton, with one band taking possession of the upper North Saskatchewan Valley by the late 1820's.